Australia is the only nation to govern an entire continent and its outlying islands. The mainland is the largest island and the flattest continent on Earth. It lies between 10° and 39° South latitude. The highest point on the mainland, Mount Kosciuszko, is only 2,228 metres.
In land area, Australia is estimated to be 7,692,024 square Kilometers and the sixth largest nation after Russia, Canada, China, the United States of America and Brazil. It has, however, a relatively small population.
There are eight capital cities in Australia, all of which function at a sub-national level. Melbourne was the national capital of the Federation of Australia from 1901 until 1927 when the seat of national govenrment was moved to Canberra which is currently serving as the national capital.
The land down under has unique and unforgettable sights. You can explore its exciting, cosmopolitan cities and famously beautiful coastline.
Across eight states and territories and nearly 7.7 million square kilometres, the climate in Australia varies considerably. While some enjoy the warming sunshine at the beach, others rug up against the cold in the mountains, while others still experience the dry desert heat up north.
There are two climatic zones in Australia: the tropical zone (in the north above the Tropic of Capricorn) and the temperate zone. The tropical zone (consisting of 40% of Australia) has two seasons, summer (‘wet’) and winter (‘dry’), while the temperate zone has all four seasons.Spring: September – November. Summer: December – February. Autumn: March – May. Winter: June – August.
Languages and Culture
English is the primary language used in Australia. Yet their colourful vocabulary, accent, phonetics system and slang (‘Strine’) can take a lot of getting used to.
Australians are known to be open, friendly and informal in their relationships. Most people use first names in personal and business relations.
Australia is a nation that prides itself on its high levels of diversity. As a result they share the belief that everyone deserves a fair opportunity to achieve through talent, hard work and effort. This is the idea of a ‘fair go; and is the most pervasive underlying current in the country.